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Everything to Know About History of Candles
Candles appeared more than 3000 years before Christ under another well-known name, candles! Indeed, originally they were a stick or stem dipped in animal fat called tallow which served as fuel. However, this technique was used as a means of lighting, the main function of candles at the time being to provide light.
From the Middle Ages, beeswax began to be used to replace tallow, having effectively the same advantages as it without the disadvantages. However, a very expensive material, these candles were primarily intended for lords and clergy. The candle as we know it today did not really appear until the 19th century with the discovery of solid paraffin.
The different waxes
Honey, the raw material collected by the beekeeper, is the main base for this wax that has been used for millennia. It smells very good, and does not produce smoke when burning. Generally yellow in color when harvested, it can be cleaned very easily and “whitened” by exposing it to the sun. This wax remains one of the most expensive.
Derived from petrochemicals, paraffin is a petroleum derivative discovered in the early 1800s. Relatively easy to work with, the vast majority of candles sold around the world are made from paraffin wax. However, due to its non-renewable nature, this raw material now represents a real environmental issue.
Soy that we find in the manufacture of our scented candles By Ldéco collection and our Classics. It contains neither pesticides nor herbicides. It is an ecological and biodegradable wax. In addition, having a very low melting point, it offers a longer burn time than paraffin and ensures excellent diffusion of perfumes.
Raw material also used in the manufacture of our candle lanterns for example. This wax offers similar ecological qualities to soy wax with the advantage of being able to be colored. Vegetable wax is a more “living” greasy wax than others. Thus, it can happen that it leaves traces or deposits on the glasses. In conclusion, our waxes are of natural, biodegradable and not animal-tested origins.
Creating a fragrance is a true art, that said one does not become a “nose” overnight. The quality of the fragrance is therefore a first criterion for the quality of a scented candle. That said, the dosage of the fragrance also plays an important role in the quality of diffusion of a scented candle.
The fragrances used in the manufacture of our candles are designed in close collaboration with perfumers from Grasse, known as the world capital of scents and perfumes. We thus guarantee high quality scented candles, offering an optimal olfactory rendering from start to finish.
Fragrances may contain substances defined by legislation as allergens (which can cause irritation). It is important to know that while these components are generally present, they are usually in minimal quantities and without consequences for health. However, it is mandatory to list them on the product packaging in order to properly inform consumers. So beware of brands that do not comply with their labeling obligations.
You now know the basics of the materials used in candles, here are some tips below for optimal use of your candles:
On first lighting, let the candle burn long enough for an even distribution of the liquid wax over the entire surface, allowing optimal combustion and fragrance diffusion.
A candle can remain lit for a maximum of 3 consecutive hours.
Remove any wick or match residues present in the candle holder.
If necessary, center the wick and make sure it is not too long.
The wick of your candle should be about 8mm. However, trim it if necessary to prevent it from falling into the wax. This will give you a candle that does not hollow out and that will burn completely and evenly.
Extinguish your candle when there is only 1cm of liquid wax left at the bottom of the container to avoid the risk of the glass overheating and damaging your holder.
Never leave a burning candle unattended.
Always keep candles out of reach of children and pets.
Keep the flame away from any combustible or flammable objects (curtains, tablecloths, sheer curtains, furniture, etc.).
Only burn your candles on stable, heat-resistant holders and away from drafts.
If using candles with multiple wicks, be vigilant that the wicks are not too close together so there is no risk of too high or large a flame.
Extinguish any candle that begins to smoke.
Do not move candles when lit or when the wax is still liquid.
You should never leave match pieces or wicks on a burning candle, they could catch fire.
Do not allow candles to burn too close to a wall or near a radiator. If a carbon ball forms at the end of the wick or the flame is too large, extinguish the candle, remove the ball and relight it.